It can be somewhat overwhelming to understand and remember all the various abbreviations and terms in the web and domain industry. So we decided to start compiling a basic list of common terms and abbreviations explained in simple terms. If you have something to add to this list, please tell us about it on the resources forum.
.com – Top Level Domain (TLD) was originally derived from the word ‘commercial’.
.net – Top Level Domain (TLD) was originally derived from the word ‘network’.
.org – Top Level Domain (TLD) was originally derived from the word ‘organisation’.
.au – Country Code Top level domain (ccTLD) in Australia.
.nz – Country Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) in New Zealand.
.uk – Country Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) in New Zealand.
auDA – Think of auDA as the manager of domain names in Australia. They are the policy authority and industry self-regulatory body for the .au domain space. They are independent, not for profit and government endorsed. To find out more visit http://www.auda.org.au/about/about-overview/.
Authorisation Code – A series of characters used as a password to transfer domains between registrants.
AusRegistry – Think of AusRegistry as the manufacturer. They are the official .au wholesale provider which all auDA accredited registrars have access to. It is administrated by auDA.
ccTLD – Country Code Top Level Domain. Each country has a country code extension. For example in Australia the ccTLD is .au.
CMS – Abbreviation of Content Management System. It is a program or software that enables content to be published and altered on a website.
DNS – Abbreviation of Domain Name System. Think of it like an address book for the internet.
gTLD – Generic Top Level Domain. The term refers to the top level domains that are accessible to anyone e.g .com, .net, .org etc.
ICANN – The administrator for all top level domains.
IP – Internet Protocol. It is a series of numbers that identify a computer and enable computers to communicate on the Internet.
ISP – Abbreviation of Internet Service Provider. It is the company that provides a user with an Internet connection e.g Telstra, Internode, Optus etc.
HTTP – Abbreviation of Hypertext Transfer Protocol. It refers to the technology that the Internet uses to communicate between web servers and users.
HTTPS – Abbreviation of HyperText Transfer Protocol over SSL. It is a more secure way for web content to be displayed as the data is encrypted.
HTML – Abbreviation of HyperText Markup Language. It is the a language used to create content on websites accessible by the World Wide Web.
Registrant – Person who owns the domain name.
Registrar – Think of a registrar as the sales person who sells you the product from the manufacturer. It is important to always purchase a .au domain name from one of the auDA accredited registrars. You can find a list here.
URL – Uniform Resource Locators. It refers to the string of text that web browsers use to locate websites on the Internet. For example, the DNTrade URL is http://wwww.dntrade.com.au.
Web browser – Software application that accesses the World Wide Web based on user requests. Examples of web browsers include Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Safari and Mozilla Firefox.
Web host – Service that makes websites accessible via the World Wide Web.
Web server – Hardware and/or software that delivers web pages from websites upon request of user.
Website – The content that exists on a domain.
www – Abbreviation of World Wide Web.